These three copper products are of different types. The method of distinguishing them is as follows:
The brass used in the socket typically contains a copper content of 58-65%, with the rest being zinc. Brass is an alloy composed of copper and zinc. When the zinc content is less than 35%, zinc dissolves in copper, which is called single-phase brass. It is characterized by good plasticity and is suitable for hot and cold pressure processing. When the zinc content is between 36% and 46%, it is duplex brass. The plasticity of duplex brass decreases, and the tensile strength increases, making it only suitable for hot pressure processing. If the mass fraction of zinc continues to increase, the tensile strength will decrease, and it will have no use value. The problem with brass is that its resistivity is too high.
Copper, also known as pure copper, typically contains more than 99% copper in test results. Phosphorus tin bronze contains about 94% copper and about 6% tin. Phosphor bronze (1.3~10%Sn, 0.1~0.3%P) is another widely used elastic electrical contact material. Phosphor bronze has an ultra-fine grain structure and can be obtained by special processing or microalloying. However, phosphor bronze cannot be used in a high-stress state with a temperature exceeding 107 degrees, nor can it be used in an atmosphere containing salt.
In addition, low-lead brass (0.3~0.8%Pb) is used for pinhole electrical contacts.
Beryllium bronze (0.1~2.0% Be) has excellent mechanical properties, electrical and thermal conductivity, and its wear and corrosion resistance is also very good. However, beryllium copper is rarely used for power distribution sockets.
The appearance of brass material is light yellow (some outer layers are electroplated, and the outer layer needs to be ground off), and the copper is purple-red, with the darkest color. The color of tin phosphor bronze is close to that of copper, and the color is brighter.
Generally, copper is the softest, easily deformed, and difficult to restore. Brass is next, with stronger strength than copper, and it can slightly recover after deformation. Tin phosphor bronze has good elasticity and rebounds well after deformation.
Usually, in a socket, the socket head is made of brass. Inside the plug-in board, the long sheet is usually made of tin phosphor bronze. There are also some sockets that are replaced with copper inside, but its use time is short, which affects the service life of the socket.
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